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Milk Regulations, 1998
Milk Regulations, 1998
(Filed July 20, 1998)
Under the authority of section 8 of the Milk Scheme, 1998
and the Natural Products Marketing Act
, the Dairy Farmers of Newfoundland and
These regulations may be cited as the Milk Regulations, 1998
(1) In these regulations
[Rep. by 52/11 s1]
"catastrophe" means a situation which affects a dairy farm unit of a registered producer and over which the registered producer has little or no control and which affects his or her production and includes,
severe illness or death of the registered producer,
sudden death or loss of a significant portion of the registered producers producing herd of cows,
destruction of the registered producers production facilities,
severe outbreaks of a disease not caused by the negligence of the registered producer which affects a significant part of the registered producers producing herd of cows, and
a disease which requires slaughter by health authorities of a significant part of the registered producers producing herd of cows;
(b.1) "new entrant" means a person who has not previously held a financial interest in a milk quota issued by the DFNL;
(c) "new entrant reserve" means the bank of quota established by the DFNL to be held for new entrants;
(c.1) "pay period" means a calendar month in which milk is produced by registered producers and delivered to registered processors, and at the conclusion of which monetary payments shall be made by registered processors to registered producers and the DFNL;
"production" means the quantity in litres of milk per day produced by a registered producer and delivered to a registered processor;
"quarter" means a fiscal quarter-year of the DFNL as determined by the DFNL; and
(f) "raw milk" means milk that has not been pasteurized.
(2) The words "Act", "DFNL", "licence", "milk" and "producer" have the same meaning as in the Milk Scheme, 1998 .
Monthly report required
A processor shall report on a monthly basis to the DFNL the amount of milk which was purchased and marketed in the previous month.
Licence refusal, suspension or revocation
4. The DFNL may refuse to issue or renew a licence or may suspend or revoke a licence where the applicant or licensee contravenes a condition of the licence, these regulations or an order of the DFNL.
Licence return required
A licensee who ceases to be a producer or processor shall immediately notify the DFNL of that fact and his or her licence shall be immediately cancelled by the DFNL.
Licences issued by the DFNL shall not be transferable.
(1) A distributor shall be licensed by the DFNL.
A processor shall provide to the DFNL a list of his or her distributors, and those distributors shall be considered to be registered distributors for the purposes of these regulations.
Payments from registered processor
7.1 A registered processor purchasing milk from the DFNL shall pay the DFNL no later than
(a) the twenty-fifth day of the month for milk collected from the first day to the fifteenth day of the month; and
(b) the tenth day of the following month for milk collected from the sixteenth day to the last day of the month.
Payments to registered producer
(1) The DFNL shall pay a registered producer in 2 instalments each month for milk collected in the previous month.
(2) The first instalment shall be
(a) paid on the first day of the month;
(b) the same amount each month; and
(c) determined by the DFNL at the beginning of each year.
(3) The second instalment shall be
(a) paid on the fifteenth day of the month; and
(b) the amount owing to the registered producer for milk collected in the previous month less
(i) the amount of the first instalment; and
(ii) the monies owing by the registered producer to the DFNL.
(4) Where the first or fifteenth day of the month is not a business day, the instalment shall be paid on the next business day following those dates.
(5) Notwithstanding paragraph (2)(b),
the DFNL may cancel or adjust the first instalment at any time; or
(b) a registered producer may apply to the DFNL for a review of the first instalment amount and the DFNL may adjust that amount for the remainder of the year.
7.3. In this Part
(a) "bacteria standard" means a bacterial count of a maximum of 50,000 mesophilic aerobic colony forming units per ml or 121,000 individual bacterial count per ml;
(b) "milk quality standards" means the bacteria standard and the somatic cell standard; and
(c) "somatic cell standard" means a somatic cell count of a maximum of 400,000 per ml.
Testing of raw milk
7.4 (1) Raw milk shall be tested for compliance with the milk quality standards by a laboratory
(a) accredited by the Standards Council of Canada; and
(b) approved by the DFNL.
(2) Raw milk shall be tested at least
(a) twice a month to determine its bacterial count; and
(b) four times a month to determine its somatic cell count.
(3) The method used to test raw milk shall conform with
(a) the methods outlined in the latest edition of the Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products approved by the American Public Health Association;
(b) the Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists; or
(c) a method approved by the DFNL.
Compliance with milk quality standards
7.5 A registered producer shall ensure that its milk complies with the milk quality standards.
Penalties for violation of milk quality standards
7.6 (1) If, in any 3 month period, 40% of the milk samples of a registered producer tested under section 7.4 are found to violate the milk quality standards and if at least one of those findings occurred in the third month, the registered producer is liable to the following penalties with respect to any milk marketed in the third month:
(a) $3 per hectolitre in the case of a first violation incurred within a 12 month period;
(b) $4 per hectolitre in the case of a second violation incurred within a 12 month period; and
(c) $5 per hectolitre in the case of a third or subsequent violation incurred within a 12 month period.
(2) Where a registered producer is liable to a penalty under subsection (1) for a
(a) fourth violation within a 12 month period, the DFNL shall suspend the registered producer's licence for a minimum of 6 days;
(b) fifth violation within a 12 month period, the DFNL shall suspend the registered producer's licence for a minimum of 12 days; and
Reinstatement of licence
7.7 (1) The DFNL may reinstate a licence suspended under paragraph 7.6(2)(a) where
(a) 6 days have elapsed since the licence was suspended; and
(b) the registered producer's milk is tested and does not violate the milk quality standards.
(2) The DFNL may reinstate a licence suspended under paragraph 7.6(2)(b) where
(a) 12 days have elapsed since the licence was suspended;
(b) the registered producer's milk is tested and does not violate the milk quality standards; and
(c) the registered producer's farm is inspected and meets the quality standards approved by the DFNL.
(3) The DFNL may reinstate a licence suspended under paragraph 7.6(2)(c) where
(a) 24 days have elapsed since the licence was suspended;
(b) the registered producer's milk is tested and does not violate the milk quality standards;
(c) the registered producer's farm is inspected and meets the quality standards approved by the DFNL; and
(d) the registered producer submitted an application to the DFNL for the reinstatement of its licence and the DFNL is satisfied that
(i) the violations of the milk quality standards resulted from exceptional circumstances; and
(ii) the registered producer demonstrated that appropriate measures have been taken to deliver milk that meets the milk quality standards.
7.8 (1) Where a registered producer becomes liable to a penalty under section 7.6, the DFNL shall notify the registered producer in writing of the penalty payable.
Notice referred to in subsection (1) may be sent to the last known address of the registered producer
by regular mail, and if so sent, the notice is considered to have been received within 5 business days from the date it is postmarked;
electronically, and if so sent, the notice is considered to have been received on the day of transmission if the notice is transmitted before 4 p.m. or the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or a holiday, if the notice is transmitted after 4 p.m.; or
personally or by courier, and if so sent, the notice is considered to have been received upon delivery.
Payment of penalty
7.9 A penalty incurred under section 7.6 shall be deducted from the money otherwise payable to the registered producer under section 7.2.
The DFNL shall, prior to January 1 of each year set the provincial milk quota for the following year.
The DFNL shall set out the daily quota allocated to a registered producer in that producers licence.
10. (1) An increase in quota shall be allocated on the following basis:
(a) 60% proportionally to registered producers based on their quota holdings;
(b) 20% to the new entrants reserve; and
(c) 20% to applicants approved by DNFL.
(2) If the new entrant reserve is:
(a) less than 1200 litres per day, the percentage referred to in paragraph (1)(b) shall be allocated to registered producers in accordance with paragraph (1)(a); and
(b) greater than or equal to 1200 litres per day, then 1200 litres shall be distributed to a new entrant approved by DFNL.
(3) If the 20% referred to in paragraph (1)(c) is not distributed, the quota shall be allocated to registered producers in accordance with paragraph (1)(a).
(4) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a quota may be available for distribution due to unusual or special circumstances as determined by the DFNL.
(1) A decrease in quota shall be applied to all registered producers on a proportional basis.
Notwithstanding subsection (1), a registered producer shall not have his or her quota reduced to less than 500 litres a day.
12. The minimum quota under which a registered producer may operate under the Milk Scheme, 1998 is 500 litres per day.
Maintenance of production
(1) If a registered producer fails to produce 90% of his or her quota on an annual basis for two consecutive calendar years, that registered producers quota in the following year shall be calculated at his or her average production over the two years divided by 0.90.
In calculating a registered producers production under subsection (1), the DFNL shall exclude any production which exceeded 110% of the quarterly equivalent of the registered producers quota.
(3) For new entrants, subsection (1) shall not apply until the beginning of the second year of operation.
Notwithstanding subsection (1), a registered producers quota shall not be reduced below 500 litres a day.
The DFNL shall notify by registered mail all registered producers who fail to produce 90% of their quota on an annual basis in a year.
A registered producer who is in violation of subsection (1) or subsection (3) and who intends to apply for a waiver under subsection (7) shall inform the DFNL of that fact in writing before September 1 in a year, outlining the particulars of the reasons and circumstances of his or her request.
Notwithstanding another provision of these regulations, the application of this section may be waived by the DFNL in whole or in part or subject to the conditions that the DFNL may determine if
the registered producer satisfies the DFNL that the adverse performance for a calendar year occurred as a result of a catastrophe; or
the waiver is justified and reasonable
on compassionate grounds, or
for another just and equitable ground.
Lease, transfer or sale of quota increase
Where an increase in quota is granted by the DFNL, that increase shall not be sold, leased or transferred for a period of one year from the grant of the increase.
A quota may be leased with the prior written approval of the DFNL.
16. (1) A person may apply to the DFNL for a milk quota as a new entrant.
(2) An application made under subsection (1) shall
(a) be in the form and contain the documents and information required by the DFNL; and
(b) be accompanied by a fee of $200.
(3) A person who applies under subsection (1) shall
(a) be a Canadian citizen;
(b) be 19 years of age or more;
(c) provide to the DFNL a business plan, for a period of time considered necessary by the DFNL, that demonstrates to the satisfaction of the DFNL that the proposed dairy operation is financially and otherwise viable and sustainable; and
(d) intend to establish a new and separate dairy operation that includes all of the following:
(ii) one or more buildings,
(iii) equipment, and
(iv) a daily milk quota of not fewer than 1200 litres.
(4) A person who applies under subsection (1) or his or her spouse or person with whom he or she is cohabiting shall not have a financial interest in another milk quota issued by the DFNL.
(5) A person who is employed by a dairy operation at the time of his or her application under subsection (1) shall not, by reason only of that employment, be considered to have a financial interest for the purposes of subsection (4).
(6) An application under subsection (1) that is approved by the DFNL is subject to the site for the proposed dairy operation obtaining all permits and approvals required for that operation under a law of a city, municipality or the province.
New entrant quota
16.1 (1) The DFNL may determine the
(a) number of litres of milk quotas to be made available to new entrants in a year; and
(b) number of persons whose application to be a new entrant under subsection 16(1) may be approved in a year.
(2) The DFNL shall determine with respect to a person applying to be a new entrant under subsection 16(1) the
(a) volume of milk quota to be issued to the new entrant;
(b) manner in which the milk quota shall be acquired by the new entrant; and
(c) terms and conditions applicable to the milk quota issued to the new entrant.
(1) Quotas shall not be sold, transferred, leased, assigned or otherwise dealt with by registered producers without the prior written approval of the DFNL.
The DFNL may transfer that portion of a quota which has been fully utilized by the holder of it, or a portion of that quota upon receipt by the DFNL of an application in writing, in a form prescribed by the DFNL including evidence of the written consent of a registered secured creditor of the vendor to the proposed transfer in advance of that transfer.
In the event of a transfer of all or a portion of a registered producers quota under this section, the registered producer holding the quota and the proposed transferee shall satisfy the DFNL that the transfer shall result in the existence or continuation of a separate dairy, including
a herd having a minimum milk quota of 500 litres per day.
(4) Notwithstanding section 12, if the proposed transfer will result in a quota of less than 500 litres per day, the DFNL may approve the transfer of the quota or a portion of it subject to the conditions that it may impose, if that proposed transfer would be in the best interests of
(a) the applicant;
(b) the proposed transferee;
(c) the DNFL; and
(d) the industry.
(1) The DFNL may prescribe fees for costs incurred by it in connection with the consideration of an application for the transfer of quota.
Fees required under subsection (1) shall be paid prior to the transfer being approved.
Transfers of milk quotas shall not be approved until all debts, fees, charges, levies and other amounts due to the DFNL by the transferor or by the transferee have been paid in full.
Rep. by NR 78/01 s2
[Rep. by NR 78/01 s2]
Deduction of penalty
[Rep. by 69/17 s4]
Authority for deduction
[Rep. by 69/17 s4]
Minimum price for milk
22. The minimum price at which milk shall be bought, sold or offered for sale FOB registered processors premises in the province shall be $116.72 per hectolitre of standard milk containing 3.6 kilograms of butterfat, and for every kilogram in excess of that butterfat content, the minimum price shall be adjusted by the amount of $5.20 per hectolitre.
Exportation of milk
Milk may only be exported by a registered processor with the approval of the DFNL.
(1) With respect to an export shipment of milk from the province, the DFNL shall calculate the net selling price of the milk by deducting from the gross selling price
the costs of transportation; and
any other charges and levies incurred and imposed in connection to the export.
A processor shall, at the direction of the DFNL, deduct the difference between net selling price calculated in subsection (1) from the price already paid to the registered producer for that exported milk.
(1) The monetary deficiency under section 24 shall be allocated by the DFNL proportionally
firstly among those registered producers who exceeded their fluid milk quotas by more than 110% for the pay period in which the export shipment and sale occurred;
secondly to those registered producers who exceeded their quotas between 100% and 110% in the pay period in which the export shipment and sale occurred; and
finally among all daily quota production.
A service charge shall be imposed as follows:
(a) $0.028 per litre on all milk originally produced by the registered producers, payable by the registered producers, for use by DFNL as follows:
(i) for DFNL administration,
(iv) for DFNL promotional activities; and
$0.01 per litre on all milk originally produced on dairy farms situated outside the province and marketed under the Milk Scheme, 1998
, payable by the owner at the time of its entry in the province.
Collection of service charge
A service charge under paragraph 26(b) shall be collected by registered processors and remitted to the DFNL no later than the ninth day of the month following all deliveries and sales of milk made to registered processors in the preceding month.
(1) A person shall not bring any milk into the province unless he or she holds a valid licence for the importation of milk issued by the DFNL.
Unless an exemption is made by the DFNL, separate permit numbers shall be obtained for each shipment of milk outside the province.
(1) A person shall not bring any pre-packaged milk into the province.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to
(a) ultra high temperature (UHT) milk;
(b) buttermilk; or
(c) lactose-free milk.
Notwithstanding subsection (1), the DFNL may issue to a processor for a limited period of time
a permit to import; and
a licence to process, distribute and market within the province milk in any form for the purpose of test marketing milk for sale to consumers or institutions in the province.
Availability of milk
A processor shall not be issued a permit to bring bulk milk into the province unless he or she can provide satisfactory proof to the DFNL that the milk is not available from a producer or processor within the province.
UHT milk, buttermilk and lactose-free milk
31. A person shall not process, package, distribute or offer for sale ultra high temperature (UHT) milk, buttermilk or lactose-free milk except with the approval of the DFNL.
All milk marketed in the province under the school milk program administered by the
The following regulations are repealed:
Fluid Milk Penalty Order
Fluid Milk Quota Allocation Order
Importation of Milk Regulations
Transportation of Milk Regulations